Other Regulations

Aviv Handler

Chapter 3 to Chapter 6 covered the primary regulations that impact most energy and commodity traders in Europe. However, there are several other regulations that may also cover those active in the sector. These include the following.

    • FMIA (Finfrag) and StromVV: These are Swiss versions of the EMIR and REMIT rules.

    • The Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR) and other related prudential regulations that apply to those considered as investment firms under MiFID II.

    • The Securities Finance Transaction Reporting (SFTR) regulation, which covers repos, securities finance and commodities lending.

    • The Benchmarks Regulation (BMR), which applies to benchmark administrators, investment firms that use certain benchmarks and those who contribute to them.

Each of these are “financial-style” regulations that may apply in some cases to those in energy and commodities. Anyone actually caught within these rules may use this chapter to obtain an overview. However, it is recommended that more detailed documentation also be consulted if necessary.

There are also many commodity-specific rules that could apply to those in the sector, particularly in

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