Valuation adjustments (XVA)

WHAT IS THIS? The XVAs are a family of adjustments that can be made to the price of a derivatives trade, reflecting counterparty risk (CVA), own-default risk (DVA), funding (FVA), capital (KVA) and margin (MVA). Their theoretical roots and practical implementation are still debated, but pragmatism also matters: banks that ignore XVAs are at risk of mispricing a trade; banks that include them are at risk of never winning a trade.

The theoretical foundations of XVAs

Bloomberg analyses the theoretical basis of XVAs, focusing on the works and findings of its head of quantitative XVA analytics, Mats Kjaer, who emphasises the role of the capital valuation adjustment as a major driver of derivatives trading profitability…

FVA – Time to go asymmetric?

Despite being introduced over six years ago, there is still no market consensus on how to calculate funding valuation adjustments. One point of contention is whether to use the same funding curve for borrowing and lending (symmetric funding) or to use…

Best CVA practices in Japan

At a recent roundtable in Tokyo, banks and regulators discussed progress on credit valuation adjustment (CVA). While, in many respects, the work towards implementing best practices in the country is on track, challenges remain in resourcing and…

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