1970: Jardine Fleming Holdings of Hong Kong formed from two shareholders, Robert Fleming Holdings of London and Jardine Matheson, one of Hong Kong's business empires.
1982: Colin Armstrong, described in press reports as "an aggressive and successful trader", joins Jardine Fleming from Scottish Equitable.
1993: Revenues soar at Jardine Fleming's Hong Kong trading operations. Managers focus on expanding the business yet further.
December 1993: Robert Thomas, chief executive of Jardine Fleming