Cultural exchange

While the vision of a single, competitive energy market for the European Union remains a long way off being realised, significant progress towards electricity market integration is being made.

The successful 2006 trilateral coupling (TLC) of the French, Belgian and Dutch power markets sparked the currently ongoing initiative to create the Central and Western European (CWE) market coupling between Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, while Germany's market has also recently

Only users who have a paid subscription or are part of a corporate subscription are able to print or copy content.

To access these options, along with all other subscription benefits, please contact or view our subscription options here:

You are currently unable to copy this content. Please contact to find out more.

Sorry, our subscription options are not loading right now

Please try again later. Get in touch with our customer services team if this issue persists.

New to View our subscription options

If you already have an account, please sign in here.

You need to sign in to use this feature. If you don’t have a account, please register for a trial.

Sign in
You are currently on corporate access.

To use this feature you will need an individual account. If you have one already please sign in.

Sign in.

Alternatively you can request an individual account here