Introduction: Starting the Solvency II Journey
Solvency II: The journey so far
Internal Models and Solvency II
Review of the Capital Adequacy Framework in Singapore
Insurance Liabilities Under IFRS 4 Phase II and Solvency II: Almost the Same Thing?
Solvency II and Mutual Insurance Companies
The Journey Towards an Approved Internal Model
The Road to Solvency II for a Life Insurance Company
Managing Model Risk
Solvency II and Reinsurance
ORSA: A Forward-looking Approach to Risk and Capital Management
Risk Governance: A Framework to Support Better Decision-making and a Journey Towards Continuous Improvement
Operational Risk and Solvency II: A Practitioner Perspective
Reporting Challenges under Solvency II: The Allianz Experience
The Audit of Solvency II Information
The Holistic Balance Sheet: A Different European Approach for Pension Funds?
Capital for Operational Risk: Some Fundamental Flaws
Reputational Risk: Success is Trust-dependent
In this chapter, we aim to familiarise the reader with the concept of model validation in the Solvency II environment. In the past, we have become familiar with this concept through the Basel II banking regulation. Solvency II regulation builds on Basel II regarding the process of validating its internal model. In order to have a proper understanding of the independent validation of Solvency II’s internal model, first we discuss relevant risks in all phases of internal model building, the so-called “model life cycle”. In the second section, we examine the general principles of the model life cycle, paying particular attention to the area of model validation. Once this is clear, we discuss the process of approving the internal model, before concluding with a look at the future challenges for model validation.
AN INTRODUCTION TO MODEL MANAGEMENT
Solvency II contains relatively limited guidance on how to manage the internal model. This chapter illustrates a framework that we believe is market practice and meets Solvency II requirements. In the various panels throughout the chapter, we provide lessons learned as well as guidance to cope with a number of challenges related to model ma