European Union member states hiked countercyclical capital buffer (CCyB) rates for banks 12 times this year, double the frequency reported in 2017.
Ten countries increased their CCyBs this year. France and Slovakia raised their buffers once, by 25 basis points each. Bulgaria, Iceland, Lithuania, Norway and Sweden also increased them once, by 50bp apiece. Ireland raised its CCyB by a full 100bp. The Czech Republic and Denmark raised their buffers twice each this year, by 50bp and 100bp in total.