Credit risk structural models in op risk

Litigation can cause severe operational risk losses for financial institutions. From 2002 to 2008, litigations dominated banks' external loss profile, according to analysis from the Operational Riskdata Exchange Association (ORX) loss database. The largest of these losses involved initial public offerings (IPOs), mainly from dotcom issuing companies. The ‘loss given litigation' is around 4.8% of the total value of stock issued, based on average litigation settlement per issuing company during

Only users who have a paid subscription or are part of a corporate subscription are able to print or copy content.

To access these options, along with all other subscription benefits, please contact or view our subscription options here:

You are currently unable to copy this content. Please contact to find out more.

Sorry, our subscription options are not loading right now

Please try again later. Get in touch with our customer services team if this issue persists.

New to View our subscription options

If you already have an account, please sign in here.


Want to know what’s included in our free membership? Click here

This address will be used to create your account

You need to sign in to use this feature. If you don’t have a account, please register for a trial.

Sign in
You are currently on corporate access.

To use this feature you will need an individual account. If you have one already please sign in.

Sign in.

Alternatively you can request an individual account here: