Cher of the blame: whose fault was the swaps push-out?

Question is not why provision died, but how it was ever born


A lot was written about section 716 of the Dodd-Frank Act when it was neutered in December last year, but ultimately Cher best summed up the prevailing mood – as has so often been the case in her long, successful career as a financial commentator.

In a series of tweets, Cher warned she would lose all respect for US president Barack Obama if he signed into law the funding bill that watered down the provision – better known as the swaps push-out or the Lincoln amendment.

She then gave her followers a quick overview of the dangers – "IN NEW BILL,BANKS CAN TRADE IN RISKY STOCKS AGAIN & IF THEY CRASH,U PAY 4 IT" – and also urged them to "GO Online,Read,Don't B SENT 2 The Slaughter House,Deaf,Dumb,& Blind Like LAST TIME".

None of this is intended as a knock against Cher – who is also known outside financial policy-making circles as an actress and singer. It is a good thing to see public figures getting involved in big, public debates. What's interesting is the gulf it highlights between the perception and the reality of the swaps push-out.

Its original sponsor, Blanche Lincoln, championed section 716 in 2010 stump speeches as "the toughest bill in Washington" and in its original form it probably was. In fact, it was so tough – barring federal assistance for any swap dealer and threatening the existence of the derivatives market – that it amassed an impressive cast of opponents, including President Obama, Federal Reserve chairman Ben Bernanke and US Treasury secretary Tim Geithner.

It is a good thing to see public figures getting involved in big, public debates

But it did not make it into law in that form. A last-ditch attempt to curb its scope succeeded, meaning banks would still be allowed to trade interest rate swaps as well as cleared credit default swaps, and derivatives on currencies, gold and silver. Would the US taxpayer stand to benefit by having equity derivatives, oil swaps and uncleared credit default swaps traded from bank affiliates? It's hard to imagine how.

The big question has always been how a bill that was such a bad idea – and was widely recognised to be a bad idea – made it on to the statute book at all. Those involved in its birth chalk it up to an unusual alignment of the stars: staffers who were intent on radical reform, a senator who needed to grab the public's imagination, and a political climate in which no-one was willing to risk openly opposing an anti-bank measure.

It is exactly the kind of thing the legislative process is supposed to guard against. Here, it failed. To quote another of Cher's comments on the matter, WTF!


Only users who have a paid subscription or are part of a corporate subscription are able to print or copy content.

To access these options, along with all other subscription benefits, please contact or view our subscription options here:

You are currently unable to copy this content. Please contact to find out more.

You need to sign in to use this feature. If you don’t have a account, please register for a trial.

Sign in
You are currently on corporate access.

To use this feature you will need an individual account. If you have one already please sign in.

Sign in.

Alternatively you can request an individual account here