Cloud computing in the financial sector: A global perspective

Hal S Scott, John Gulliver and Hillel Nadler

Contents

Foreword

Preface

Preface

Introduction: Suptech/regtech defined: Payments, sandboxes and beyond

1.

The uncertain prudential treatment of cryptoassets

2.

US regulatory certainty versus uncertainty for crypto and blockchain

3.

Bermuda: Suptech and regtech supporting the risk-based approach

4.

Suptech: A new era of supervisory philosophy

5.

Cloud computing in the financial sector: A global perspective

6.

DeFi protocol risks: The paradox of cryptofinance

7.

IT transformation in the Prudential Authority of South Africa: A case study

8.

Making the vision a reality: Perspectives from the Monetary Authority of Singapore

9.

Lessons from Hong Kong through the lens of the HKMA

10.

Technological change: Is it different this time?

11.

The ECB’s suptech innovation house: Paving the way for digital transformation of banking supervision

12.

China’s financing opening up and regulatory convergence with the world

13.

Disclosures and market discipline: The promise of regtech

14.

Regtech and new derivatives developments

15.

Fintech and regtech: Leading the evolution and regulation of alternative investments

16.

The role of artificial intelligence and big data in investment management

17.

The promise and challenges of machine learning in finance

18.

Data privacy and alternative data

19.

Digital ID and financial inclusion

20.

Strategic technology: Regulation and innovation of CBDCs

21.

Regulatory sandboxes: Innovation and financial inclusion

22.

Technology and sandbox development innovation in a transitional market: A case study

23.

Developing the regulatory ecosystem: The evolution of stablecoin

24.

Central bank digital currency, regtech and suptech

25.

Digital dollar: Cryptocurrency for everyday commerce

26.

CFTC regtech implications for virtual currency trading

27.

Fintech, regtech, suptech and central bank decision making

As financial institutions move their operations, including core functions, to the cloud, financial regulators have begun to issue regulations and informal guidance addressing the use of cloud services in the financial sector. These are typically based on the regulator’s existing framework for outsourcing by a financial institution to third-party technology providers, under which the risks associated with outsourcing and the supervision of third-party providers are primarily the responsibility of the financial institution. This chapter provides background on the use of cloud computing in the financial sector, reviews existing regulatory and supervisory frameworks for cloud use by financial institutions, and recommends improvements to those frameworks that could reduce obstacles to more widespread cloud adoption by financial institutions.

Note from the editors: This chapter was originally published by the Program on International Financial Systems (PIFS)11 PIFS is a US-based non-profit organisation that hosts international symposia, executive education programmes and special events that foster dialogue and promote education on issues impacting the global financial system. PIFS

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