Credit derivatives: the past, the present and the future
The determinants of credit spread returns
What’s driving the default swap basis?
What is the value of modified restructuring?
The debt and equity linkage and the valuation of credit derivatives
Nth to default swaps and notes: all about default correlation
Portfolio credit risk models
Credit derivatives as an efficient way of transitioning to optimal portfolios
Overview of the CDO market
Synthetic securitisation and structured portfolio credit derivatives
Integrating credit derivatives and securitisation technology: the collateralised synthetic obligation
CDOs of CDOs: art eating itself?
Extreme events and multi-name credit derivatives
Reduced-form models: curve construction and the pricing of credit swaps, options and hybrids
Modelling and hedging of default risk
ISDA’s role in the credit derivatives marketplace
Credit linked notes
Using guarantees and credit derivatives to reduce credit risk capital requirements under the New Basel Capital Accord
Our aim in this chapter is to present the fundamental methods and results relating to the valuation and hedging of credit derivatives (defaultable claims) within the structural and reduced-form approaches. In contrast to some other works that address this issue by invoking a suitable version of the martingale representation theorem, we directly analyse the possibility of replication of a given contingent claim by means of a trading strategy based on default-free and defaultable securities. It should be stressed that not only is the exact replication of the value process of a defaultable claim valid prior to the default time, but it also includes the jump of this value at time of default, if it occurs prior to or at the maturity date of this claim. We believe that such an approach, motivated by Vaillant (2001), is far more intuitive and leads directly to explicit forms for replicating strategies. Moreover, the issue of a judicious choice of tradeable securities appears in a natural way.
Although the approach may be applied to the general set-up of random interest rates and stochastic intensity, we deliberately focus on the case of deterministic interest rates and defa