Liquidity risk solution of the year: Bloomberg

Asia Risk Awards 2021

Across financial industries today, accurately quantifying liquidity risk poses a significant challenge and regulators around the globe are increasing their focus on market liquidity and liquidity risk frameworks – making the ability to generate accurate and defendable metrics paramount for the industry. With this at the forefront of its Liquidity Assessment (LQA) solution, Bloomberg has been awarded the Asia Risk Technology Award 2021 for liquidity risk solution of the year.

Bloomberg’s liquidity analytics solution covers more than 4.2 million securities around the world, including government bonds; corporate bonds; municipal bonds; secondary market loans; equities; exchange-traded funds; securitised products; ‘to-be-announceds’, which facilitate the forward trading of mortgage-backed securities; and listed derivatives.

Brad Foster, global head of enterprise data content at Bloomberg, explains how “Bloomberg’s solution for liquidity assessment – LQA – leverages Bloomberg’s robust financial datasets to provide an objective quantitative assessment of market liquidity across multiple asset classes to facilitate regulatory compliance and enhance risk management and investment processes”. The LQA solution is able to estimate liquidation cost and horizon, and compare liquidity analytics across multiple asset classes, providing customisable models to enable user-specific views along with scenario analysis and stress-testing.

LQA takes a unique approach to assessing liquidity, leveraging a robust financial dataset together with cutting-edge quantitative models and by applying the latest machine learning techniques to ensure all relevant factors that can influence liquidity are taken into account and analysing how liquidity is impacted by changing market conditions. With the inclusion of a detailed quality assurance process and back-testing framework, users are able to ensure the model output matches their expected output figures.

While LQA provides clients with the ability to stress-test underlying market conditions at the security level, they can also request transaction-level metrics for various percentiles of liquidation cost and horizon distributions. Foster notes the importance of this in that “this allows clients to better simulate ‘tail events’ like those witnessed in March 2020 and is particularly useful when building limit monitoring frameworks and responding to regulator demand for stress scenario outputs”.

What sets Bloomberg apart from others in the field is that it offers multiple channels to consume liquidity analytics for both front- and back-office managers. The LQA service in particular allows for interaction via a programmatic API or directly in Excel in addition to the Bloomberg Terminal itself. This front-to-back consistency throughout the trade lifecycle “allows clients to easily harness the power of Bloomberg data and machine learning to solve for one of the most difficult metrics to quantify: liquidity”, Foster notes.

While the extreme volatility in March 2020 was short-lived, the market impact was much larger than anyone had imagined even in their most extreme scenarios. Now we see clients leveraging LQA to build more severe scenarios that simulate the impact of a poor recovery from the pandemic, future lockdowns due to new variants, and combining the worst of 2020 with 2008

Brad Foster, Bloomberg

This front-to-back integration addresses a key challenge for Bloomberg clients who want to assess liquidity throughout the trade lifecycle. This integration and connectivity essentially allows front-office users to incorporate LQA into their pre-trade analysis and have it integrated seamlessly into their existing real-time systems.

Bloomberg’s LQA solution confronts another one of the biggest challenges its clients face today – in stress-testing and scenario analysis. Looking back at the extreme and unprecedented market volatility in March 2020 together with the ongoing uncertainty posed by the pandemic, Bloomberg clients have been re-calibrating their stress scenarios as well as adding new ones. Having spent time remodelling their scenarios based on real global economic events of the past, such as the Lehman Brothers collapse and the 2008 global financial crisis, most clients found that nothing was able to prepare them for what happened in 2020.

Foster describes that “while the extreme volatility in March 2020 was short-lived, the market impact was much larger than anyone had imagined even in their most extreme scenarios. Now we see clients leveraging LQA to build more severe scenarios that simulate the impact of a poor recovery from the pandemic, future lockdowns due to new variants, and combining the worst of 2020 with 2008 where there is a prolonged period of decreased trading volume paired with extreme volatility.”

In keeping with the times, Bloomberg recognises the increased focus and preference for securities that promote environmental, social, and governance (ESG) issues. Foster says Bloomberg is “updating the LQA models to include various ESG features and climate risk factors to capture the fact that these securities benefit from increased liquidity compared to their peers, and to react to how the relationship between ESG-linked assets and non-ESG-linked assets will change over time”.

Over the next year or so, Bloomberg will be expanding its model to differentiate between the liquidity on the buy side versus the sell side, especially when its clients are dealing with large volumes. Clients will be able to specify if they are buying or selling securities and LQA will calculate the liquidity based on the trade direction.

And finally, it is expanding the LQA model to include a new set of fields that will leverage its vast amounts of fixed income trade data to provide more empirical liquidity analytics for clients – providing greater transparency and enabling its clients to better understand liquidity in the market.

  • LinkedIn  
  • Save this article
  • Print this page  

Only users who have a paid subscription or are part of a corporate subscription are able to print or copy content.

To access these options, along with all other subscription benefits, please contact [email protected] or view our subscription options here: http://subscriptions.risk.net/subscribe

You are currently unable to copy this content. Please contact [email protected] to find out more.

You need to sign in to use this feature. If you don’t have a Risk.net account, please register for a trial.

Sign in
You are currently on corporate access.

To use this feature you will need an individual account. If you have one already please sign in.

Sign in.

Alternatively you can request an individual account here: