Acknowledging the Elephant in the Room: The Mismatch Centre

David Green

This chapter will explain how interest rate risk (IRR) and liquidity risk (LR), which are innate to every levered financial institution, create a profitability management problem that can only be solved within a comprehensive and well-functioning funds transfer pricing (FTP) framework. It will be demonstrated how the introduction of FTP produces a new business unit, the mismatch centre, which is a true profit centre that must be analysed and managed as rigorously as any other lending or deposit-gathering business unit if granular earnings attributions are to have economic integrity. The chapter will discuss the implications for risk and profitability management when the mismatch centre is ignored or arbitrarily manipulated, eg, when its earnings are forced to zero. Implications for risk governance, the development and use of behavioural models for non-maturity deposits (NMDs), risk and profitability management systems and regulatory considerations are also addressed.

At most banks, credit unions and levered financial institutions (FIs) in general, FTP is not an integral component of risk and profitability management frameworks; risk and profitability management are therefore

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