Credit assets of non-banks top $44trn

Credit assets held by shadow banking entities increased 5.7% in 2018, up from 4.7% the year prior, to $44.9 trillion, with hedge funds and broker-dealers hoovering them up the fastest.

Among other financial intermediaries (OFIs), as defined by the Financial Stability Board (FSB), loans, bonds and deposits held by hedge funds grew fastest, by 20.1% in 2018.

Broker-dealers followed, expanding credit assets, excluding deposits, by 10.3% to $4.8 trillion. Money market funds (MMFs) increased their

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