Right Laplace, right time

Right Laplace, right time

Napoleon Bonaparte, as well as being a brilliant general and a ruthless despot, was also quite an accomplished mathematician. Considering the company he kept, that should not be a surprise. Napoleonic France was at the forefront of the development of the multivariable analysis that expanded Newton’s calculus and now underpins virtually all areas of science.

As the absolute ruler, Bonaparte could surround himself with the greatest of the discipline’s luminaries, and he did, including Joseph

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