Bank clients see cross-sell pressure in swaps and clearing

Clients get a harder sell – but say they still have enough choice – as regulators circle

Competition: are clients getting a good deal?

A lot of investment banking businesses might not look competitive to outsiders – the number of providers is fairly small and in some cases is shrinking; loss-making units are allowed to wheeze along indefinitely if they help hook more profitable activity; barriers to entry are high, pricing can be opaque and customers are in some cases being asked to swallow significant hikes.

It's a picture that worries European regulators, which have launched a number of initiatives to test how robust

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