The product's release, which has been delayed since January, heralds the first time a direct investment in hedge funds has been made available to investors in ETF format.
The fund tracks the bank's DB Hedge Fund Index, which reflects the performance of a number of hedge fund strategies on a three-day time delay. The strategies are weighted in accordance with their prevalence in the industry and include equity hedge, market neutral, credit and convertible arbitrage, systematic macro and event-driven strategies.
In the global hedge fund industry's worst-ever year, back-tested returns on the index were -9.19% for 2008. However, from March 2007 to February 2009, the euro-denominated index was up by 48.49%, according to the bank.
Hedge funds have suffered greatly as a result of disrupted global markets. Massive redemptions have forced many managers to limit or suspend investor withdrawals. Meanwhile, the alleged $50 billion fraud by New York-based broker Bernard Madoff has shown some funds of funds to have inadequate due diligence.
While it may not be perceived to be a great time to release a hedge fund product, Manooj Mistry, London-based head of DB X-trackers Structuring, emphasised the product alleviated some of the difficulties associated with the recent market trauma. "The ETF wrapper itself gives you intra-day liquidity, and because the product is based on managed accounts, there's no scope for gating or suspending liquidity," he said.
The underlying investments in hedge funds are made through Deutsche Bank's managed account platform. A managed account is held by a prime broker but managed by an external hedge fund manager, which the bank says will ensure liquidity and transparency, and help guard against risks such as style drift or fraud.
The ETF carries management fees of 0.9% per annum - cheaper than most hedge funds, which generally garner a 2% management fee plus a 20% fee for any out-performance. It is also tax-transparent in Germany and Ucits III-compliant, according to the bank.
Mistry and his colleagues believe benefits such as these will help spur interest from clients such as pension funds, corporates, high-net-worth individuals, insurers and long-only fund managers.
Over the next few weeks, Deutsche Bank plans additional listings for the ETF on Borsa Italiana, the Swiss Exchange and the London Stock Exchange. The bank is also considering a listing in Asia, Mistry said.