Laying the foundations

Credit Portfolio Management


Japan's economy is back on a more stable footing after more than a decade of deflation, soaring non-performing loans (NPLs) and falling equity markets. Under pressure from the government, the country's banks have tidied up their balance sheets, reduced bad debt and shored up capital levels. Meanwhile, the banking community has gone through several rounds of consolidation, which has led to the creation of three so-called mega-banks: Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group, Mizuho Financial Group and

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