Realised volatility and variance: options via swaps

Peter Carr and Roger Lee present explicit and readily applicable formulas for valuing options on realised variance and volatility. They use variance and volatility swaps - or alternatively vanilla options - as pricing benchmarks and hedging instruments. They also cover Vix options

In this article, we develop strategies for pricing and hedging options on realised variance and volatility. Our strategies have the following features:

- Readily available inputs. We can use vanilla options as pricing benchmarks and hedging instruments. If variance or volatility swaps are available, we use them as well. We do not need other inputs (such as parameters of the instantaneous volatility dynamics).

- Comprehensive and readily computable outputs. We derive explicit and readily

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It has been several years since we have seen volatility in gold. An increase in gold volatility can typically be associated with a change in sentiment and investor behavior. The precious metal has surged this year on increased demand for safe haven…

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