Journal of Computational Finance

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Valuation of mortgage-backed securities using Brownian bridges to reduce effective dimension

Russel E. Caflisch, William Morokoff, Art Owen

ABSTRACT

The quasi-Monte Carlo method for financial valuation and other integration problems has error bounds of size O((log N)k N-1), or even O((log N)k N-3/2), which suggests significantly better performance than the error size O(N-1/2) for standard Monte Carlo. But in high-dimensional problems, this benefit might not appear at feasible sample sizes. Substantial improvements from quasi-Monte Carlo integration have, however, been reported for problems such as the valuation of mortgage-backed securities, in dimensions as high as 360. The authors believe that this is due to a lower effective dimension of the integrand in those cases. This paper defines the effective dimension and shows in examples how the effective dimension may be reduced by using a Brownian bridge representation.

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