Plus ça change, plus c'est la même chose.1 The more things change, the more they stay the same. This was the conclusion I reached on rereading the book L'Argent by Émile Zola. When I read the book for the first time 35 years ago, I was interested mostly in the plot, based on a financial scandal that happened in France in 1882: the collapse of l'Union Générale, the bank established in 1875 and managed by Paul Eugène Bontoux, a man of questionable moral standards.
The fictional character of L'Arge
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