How the state allocates

State pensions


In 1999 the French government realised that it faced a shortfall in its Pillar I pension provision from 2020 onwards as its demographic timebomb was set to explode. Established by an act of parliament, the Fonds de Reserve pour les Retraites (FRR) was charged with filling the gap between the pensions France had promised its citizens and the funds available to do so.

The exact nature of these liabilities was unknown in 1999, so in consequence the FRR took a cautious view of its potential

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