The survey also included round tables in London and New York, which highlighted investment managers' concerns over the use of complex financial products.
"Participants at the London roundtable expressed concern that the current move towards the use of derivatives in investment management is not matched by risk management expertise," wrote the survey's author, Simon Jeffreys, who leads PwC's investment management industry group. "This was seen as a key issue, with Ucits III products, hedge funds and liability-driven investing all encouraging derivatives use."
Managers also expected increased use of alternative asset classes, with 49% saying they planned to move further into hedge funds in the next three years. Private equity funds (67%) and property funds (54%) are also set to become more popular. Few investors had plans to reduce their exposure to any sector, the survey found.
Jeffreys added: "Revenue expansion rather than cost cutting is the highest priority. As the industry looks ahead over the next few years, ageing populations, increased use of derivatives, the drive for alpha, changing distribution and more regulation are some of the factors that will transform its shape."