A derivative contract that combines two or more commodities to manage a number of related risks. For example, coal for power linked to pollution credits, where the contract compensates the coal user for any extra charges arising from the coal containing more than a certain level of sulphur. The counterparties to a deal agree to settle any differences between the delivered sulphur content of the coal and an agreed benchmark in emission allowances. The coal user is paid when the sulphur content is above the benchmark and pays out when it is below.
The Energy Risk Glossary, now in its eighth edition, provides an at-a-glance explanation of the myriad specialised terms and acronyms used in energy trading and risk management.
This year, the guide has been updated by Aviv Handler of ETR Advisory. Energy Risk would like to thank him for his input into this edition, which benefits greatly from his valuable experience and insight into energy markets.
The fast-changing nature of these markets means much has changed since our last edition – almost 200 new entries and revisions have been made this year. Reflecting the increasing importance of regulation, definitions of the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFid) and the Ljubljana-based Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (Acer) make it into the glossary for the first time. A focus on improving back-office infrastructure and mitigating counterparty risk is also apparent from the inclusion of terms such as ‘portfolio reconciliation’ and ‘portfolio compression’.
The glossary is extensively cross-referenced, making for easy and thorough searches. We hope you find it useful.
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