Bona fide hedge exemption
A trader may exceed position limits set by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) if:
1) the transaction or position is a substitute for transactions in a physical marketing channel; it is an economically appropriate means of risk reduction;
2) it arises from the potential change in the value of assets, liabilities or services;
3) it reduces risks resulting from a swap that was executed opposite a counterparty for which the transaction would qualify as a bona fide hedging transaction under the first three criteria; or
4) it reduces risks resulting from a swap that satisfies the first three criteria.
* see also Dodd-Frank; EMIR threshold