Gases formed principally by the burning of fossil fuels containing sulphur, such as coal and oil. Sulphur oxides such as sulphur dioxide (SO2) and sulphates are pollutants that contribute to the formation of smog. Since SO2 dissolves in water vapour to form acid and interacts with other gases in the atmosphere to form sulphates and other products that can be harmful to the environment, ambient air-quality standards have been adopted in many areas to regulate sulphur oxides emissions.
* see also nitrogen oxide
Commodity trading and risk management is a subject that is necessarily complicated, and is becoming more so. The Energy Risk Glossary seeks to disentangle and clarify the jargon by providing definitions of commonly used energy and commodity market terms.
These include definitions related to a variety of underlying energy products, as well as technical terms about the many instruments and benchmarks used by energy market participants.
Many of the most recent terms to have been added to our glossary stem from the actions of regulators since the 2008 global financial crisis. The onset of rules, such as the US Dodd-Frank Act and European Market Infrastructure Regulation, has markedly increased the cost and complexity associated with commodity trading. Perhaps they have also increased the need for a handy reference guide such as this.
The glossary is extensively cross-referenced, making for easy and thorough searches. We hope you find the latest edition of the Energy Risk Glossary to be a useful resource.
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