Commodity swaps enable both producers and consumers to hedge commodity prices. The consumer is usually a fixed payer and the producer a floating payer. If the floating-rate price of the commodity is higher than the fixed price, the difference is paid by the floating payer, and vice versa. Usually only the payment streams, not the principal, are exchanged, although physical delivery is becoming increasingly common.
Swaps are sometimes done to hedge risks that cannot readily be hedged with futures contracts. This could be a geographical or quality basis risk, or it could arise from the maturity of a transaction.
The Energy Risk Glossary, now in its eighth edition, provides an at-a-glance explanation of the myriad specialised terms and acronyms used in energy trading and risk management.
This year, the guide has been updated by Aviv Handler of ETR Advisory. Energy Risk would like to thank him for his input into this edition, which benefits greatly from his valuable experience and insight into energy markets.
The fast-changing nature of these markets means much has changed since our last edition – almost 200 new entries and revisions have been made this year. Reflecting the increasing importance of regulation, definitions of the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFid) and the Ljubljana-based Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (Acer) make it into the glossary for the first time. A focus on improving back-office infrastructure and mitigating counterparty risk is also apparent from the inclusion of terms such as ‘portfolio reconciliation’ and ‘portfolio compression’.
The glossary is extensively cross-referenced, making for easy and thorough searches. We hope you find it useful.
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