An unfair competition

The Italian gas market is among the largest in the European Union (EU). With consumption of 78.7 billion cubic metres (m3), Italy's demand was 17% of total gas consumption in the EU–25 in 2006, according to BP's Statistical Review of World Energy.

Historically, Italy's demand growth was initially driven by industry during the post-war economic boom, and was then supported by the discovery of indigenous production fields in the Po Valley by Agip, the oil company that became Eni. The growth of hous